A travel blog about Scotland, Italy, Central Asia, and everywhere else

Frequently Asked Questions About Gravel Vacuum

If you are keeping an aquarium, you have to take responsibility to maintain clean water for your fish. And vacuuming gravel is one of your works. The dirt, waster, excess foods and other debris will build up in the tank bottom and you need to remove them.

The traditional methods to clean the tank might take you a lot of time and effort for this job, due to that you cannot always keep the clean environment for your fish. However, you can get to use the best aquarium gravel vacuum to remove all these water pollutants and also ammonia and nitrate that they produce.

But for those who have never get a gravel vacuum before, there are also many questions will come to your mind, this post will help you answer some basic things about gravel vacuum.

How to choose the correct size of gravel vacuum?

The gravel vacuum available come with many different sizes of tubes. Choosing the tube that suitable for your tank. The length of the tube should longer the depth of your aquarium if you do not want to submerge your arm into the tank.

There are 3 different sizes of tube: The largest size is 2 inches (5cm) will suit the aquariums 20 gallons and more. The medium size is 1,5 inches (4cm) will suit the aquarium from 5-20 gallons. And the mini size about1 inches (2,5 cm) will suit the aquarium up to 5 gallons.

How often should you vacuum your tank?

When it comes to the frequency of vacuuming gravel, you should vacuum regularly for at least once a week.  If your tank contains lots of fish and plants that means you have to vacuum more often.

Remember to remove all the decoration and accessories out of your tank when vacuuming, there is a much amount of waste settles under those things.

What you should do if you do not have a vacuum?

If you are not ready to get the best aquarium gravel, you have to do the other work to remove the waste in your tank. You can have the under gravel filters to help you clean the bottom area, but it also comes with some drawbacks.

Keeping some scavenger species of fish such as shrimp and sails. Control the amount of food that you feeding them to avoid they leave the excess food wasted.

Buying Guide: best tow rope

Are you searching for the best towing rope?

Keep on reading because you are about to find plenty of information on that subject.

If you ever get in a situation that your car broke on a road or he got stuck in the mud, the propper rope might be a solution. It might happen that the car wouldn’t start and think of calling the tow service, think twice. The tow service is quite expensive. Try to avoid colling the towing service by using the rope.

Besides the rope, you will need another car that will pull. To make sure everything will go smoothly, you must learn some things about the tow ropes.

The best tow rope can be made from several materials. The one made of steel is a bundle of many thin vires. Although the steel is sturdy and lasting, it has some negative sides. This rope is heavy, and it can damage the car if it comes to breaking. The steel rope is also quite difficult to store because it isn’t flexible.

The second most common material for producing the tow rope is nylon. Nylon is light, strong and has high weight capacity. It is resistant to many chemicals and oil which makes it resistant to the sun’s heat. This type of rope is easier to store because it is flexible and light.

The third type of rope is a marine rope. This rope is frost-resistant and doesn’t absorb the water. It will last long and won’t lose strength.

For the best tow rope, many of us choose the one made of nylon. There are many reasons for that and one of them is the price. We must think about safety, then the price and in the end the longevity of the product. Finally, everyone chooses their best towing rope according to their preferences.

Click to find out more.

Brave Browser Review (Features and Details)

Features and details of Brave browser

  • Browse faster – Brave browser loads faster than Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge, etc.
  • Privacy & Security – Block cookies, Block fingerprints, Block scripts, Phishing & Malware
  • Block ads & ads – Block all ads or Block all ads outside of the BAT ecosystem, also contains options to allow ads & tracking.
  • Auto-contribute – You can automatically contribute your BAT token to your favorite content creator. Set your monthly budget from $ 5- $ 30 and it will distribute among your favorite sites that you spend the most time.
  • Time saver – If you enable all Brave features – block scripts, block ads, etc. The site will load many times faster and you will save time every day.
  • Save money – By downloading ads, you are recording your mobile data.
  • 11 million people use its privacy-focused browser every month

Trust me and Brave by downloading and trying it and feeling great things from Brave.
https://brave.com/war903

 

Glass Top Stove – Best Tips To Protect From Cast Iron  

Whether you are a professional home cooker or an amateur, a glass stovetop is one of the must-have cooking equipment. If you do not have your own, you can click to look for the best cookware glass top stove and buy one. This is because it is easy to clean, has a sleek design and user-friendliness with the flat surface. However, a flat-top stove also brings some potential disadvantages, notably as the possibility of scratches. The question here is How to protect glass top stove from cast iron?”. Know what to do will keep your top stove always looking like new.

A Quick Guide on Choosing The Best Commercial Stove: 5 factors to consider (Review 2020).

How to Protect Glass Top Stove from Cast Iron?

Before knowing how to fix when scratches appear on your glass stove top, you need to know how to avoid scratches. Here are some tips for you to follow: Do not use cookware that is made of cast iron on stoneware and ceramic ones, because they usually have an unfinished and rough base that can easily cause scratches. This also means that you should use a spoon tray to hold all the utensils if they can burn or scratch the surface when putting on the glass top stove. Round-Bottom-Edge cookware could move or shift when sitting on the stove top, so it can cause scratches, flat ones should be more stable and safer. Moreover, abrasive cleansers or metal pads are not allowed when cleaning glass cooktops because scratches seem to have more chances to happen. You can use other soft materials for cleaning a glass top stove. Moreover, lifting and transferring the glass top stove from an area to another is also a good solution instead of dragging them; therefore, it will lessen the possibility of scrapes. When you pull glassware or metal pans from ovens or microwaves, remember to not put them directly onto the stovetop because the heat from them can leave unpleasant marks of discoloration on the surface. Place them in a wire cooling rack or a counter and when they are totally cool, no problem would happen.

A very important responsibility of protecting is to know how to clean glass top stove properly. Keep your cookware always clean is a good way to lengthen its lifetime and also makes it look like a brand new. I will give you some effective ways to clean your glass top stove. Firstly, whenever food spilling onto the surface of your top stove, quickly remove, clean and wipe them away. Any crumbs or boiled-over food will damage the products because if you don’t use specific cleaning methods, like using a wet soft cloth to remove the gunk, it becomes much more challenging to throw them away later. Another thing you should notice is abrasive cleansers or scouring tools can make scratchers more visible over time, so eliminating them out of your cleaning methods on glass top stove right now. As well as, for daily cleaning, vinegar, baking soda or water or a mixture could be the useful replacements of those abrasive cleaning fluids. Spraying directly on the area that has residue and dust and waiting for only about 1 minute then using a soft cloth to wipe them away, your glass top stove is now like a new one.

All you need to know about wildland forest fires but have not asked anyone yet

A report by Dr. Dominick DellaSala, Director of Forest Legacies underscored the need to acknowledge a concurrence with forest fire and proposed the best pathway is: confine ex-urban sprawl through land-use zoning; bring down home ignition factors by working from a home-focused viewpoint with home retrofitting for defensible space and vegetation management, rather than the wildlands – in context of logging to decrease fuels; thin little trees with prompt prescribed burning in ranches while prioritizing wildland fire boots use in forests far from homes; preserve more carbon in the ecosystem by shielding open forests from incentivizing carbon stewardship on non-federal lands and logging; and move to a low-carbon economy as soon as humanly possible. Anything less won’t accomplish the coveted aftereffects of climate-resilient forests with high biodiversity giving what might as well be called billions of dollars in ecosystem administrations.

The report pointed out the general impediments of ‘fuel reduction’ thinning, and damages to the ecosystem. Thinning lessens living space for canopy-dependent species like spotted owls, needs a far-reaching road network damaging to the oceanic ecosystems, can spread flammable and invasive weeds and discharges more carbon outflows than flames. There is additionally a low likelihood (3– 8%) that a thinned forest will experience a rapidly spreading fire amid the 10-20 year time of lessened ‘fuels’, so vast scale thinning recommendations that change forest conditions over expansive zones and discharge gigantic measures of carbon have a low possibility of ever influencing a wildfire. Thinning is rarely savvy, requiring open sponsorships or the business sale of extensive fire-resistant trees. In certain regions such as Klamath-Siskiyou and the Sierra Nevada, time since fire isn’t related with increasing fire chances because of fuel development—this is quite true on the grounds that as these forests grow old, they turn out to be less combustible. At regional scales, active management (unspecified types of logging) has been related to more elevated amounts of high-level fires, showing logging has a tendency to increase the chances of fire. In particular, thinning adequacy is reduced under extraordinary fire climate, the main factor governing huge flames.

Dr. Timothy Ingalsbee further stated, “Climate-driven wildland fires, the primary factor in the biggest out of control fires, can’t be halted until the climate changes, yet they bring about unnecessary expenses and firefighter dangers amid ineffective fire concealment. Funds used for suppression and widespread thinning would be better spent helping communities get ready for flame by means of defensible space.”

Dr. Dellasala went on to say, “fire is a natural phenomenon that has formed the biodiversity of dry forest over the West for centuries. Fire is just calamitous when it devastates homes or claim lives. Tragically, fire has been utilized as a reason for opening up a large number of sections of land of open terrains to unlimited logging in view of the false idea that logging can prevent future flames or can ‘reestablish’ forests that have consumed. Significantly, overseeing fierce fires for environment benefits isn’t the same as ‘let it burn.’ Instead, it includes checking out of control fire conduct at first, focusing on fire suppressions prone to spread to towns within, directing fires in the back-country within safe conditions, cutting flame lines closest to residential areas, and keeping firefighters safe.”

The report concluded in a confident tone, providing forest management alternatives that are good with western forest flexibility and fire-interceded biodiversity in an evolving atmosphere.

Clouds of Kyzylorda

Kyzylorda, Kazakhstan

Things everyone says: “My hometown is the worst.”

I am guilty of this myself, even though I am from one of the prettiest areas in the New York City radius. So when my Kazakh friends complain about being from Kyzylorda, a small town on the Syr Darya River in southern, relatively western Kazakhstan, I take it with a grain of salt.

On the other hand, Kyzylorda is in the middle of the Kazakh steppe hundreds of miles from the nearest city, the nearest point of interest being Baikonyr (where most of the world’s manned space flights are launched), although the actual cosmodrome is on land leased to Russia and you can’t just drop in unannounced. Further up the road (another hundred miles) there is Aralsk, the depressed ex-fishing town that used to be on the Aral sea before they drained a third of the water to irrigate cotton fields in Uzbekistan. What there is to see there now is an interesting history lesson and a “graveyard” of old ships, some sunken, some never taken out of the water when the sea receded.

The point I’m trying to make is: “Kyzylorda is in the middle of nowhere” is a totally valid claim. But that is only a bad thing if you don’t like it here and/or don’t have the option of leaving. For a few short days, I am enjoying it.

Almaty, the big city to the east, has me living under some majestic mountains and all, but also a blanket of smog that never moves. So my first love poem to Kyzylorda would probably be a hundred pages long and focused entirely on the subject of clean air. The air is so clean, you can see really far. The air is so clean, my hacking cough of two months got better as soon as I got off the plane. The air is clean because it’s really windy all the time, but it’s not so cold anymore so it certainly works for me.

It’s been raining off and on for the past few days, so my favorite clean air effect so far has been the clouds. In Almaty, every day is either clear or hazy with nothing in between. In Kyzylorda, every time I look up there is something to take a picture of.

Marin Headlands

One foggy San Francisco Sunday, I finally made it to the Marin Headlands. Stupidly inaccessible by public transit, the headlands have been the single most elusive day trip of my five-year Bay Area existence. It’s a beautiful area, a straight 20 minute drive from where I live near Daly City, and now I own a car so no more excuses.

AGENDA:

breakfast stop at sufficiently greasy diner in the Outer Sunset
mile-long hike out to the ocean
four-mile loop through the hills
run around like a hippy with flowers in my hair

Mountain View Cemetery

Took a walk in Mountain View Cemetery this weekend for some prime Bay viewing. It was too hazy to see across the water, but it is arguably the best place to go for views of downtown Oakland.

Mountain View is well known for its fancy mausoleums bearing the names of the Bay Area’s rich and famous, from the transition period between Mexican and American ownership of California (mid-1800’s) into the present day. A lot of the grave sites continue to be maintained by the descendants of the original families, giving the hillside a weirdly polished look.

Among all the old money and titans of industry, I do have a soft spot for the grave of Domingo (Domenico) Ghirardelli, founder of the Ghirardelli Chocolate company. To this day they make the only well-known high quality American chocolate.

Landfill-On-Hudson

Croton-On-Hudson, New York, USA

Croton Point Park is iconic in Westchester County. A long walk out to the grassy and partially forested peninsula yields stunning views of the Hudson River, south to New York City and north to Bear Mountain. The park is home to bald eagles in the winter, public campgrounds in the summer, the famous annual , and also 8.8 million square meters of garbage.

From 1927 to 1986 Croton Point operated as a landfill, receiving waste from all over Westchester and eventually growing to 113 acres in size. Situating an above-ground dump on a river that flows directly into New York Harbor should have seemed rather a bad idea even 90 years ago, but the real marvel is its continued operation throughout eras of increased environmental regulation. It was finally closed just in time for the county to be simultaneously sued by the Hudson River Fishermen’s Association and the federal government. In 1987 a federal judge called the site “an environmental time bomb.”

 

In the mid-90’s the landfill was permanently capped and redeveloped into a park. Today, one of the park’s defining features is a vast, grassy, and slightly lumpy hill that rises into view from the paved entrance road. Under the natural-seeming earth lies 225,000 cubic yards of sand and gravel, followed by layers of plastic liner and geotextile fabric. Under that, you’d find insulating composite material and more than five miles of piping for gas extraction. Under that, finally, is the trash heap. But you wouldn’t know it. Spending $40 million over 3 years, the county built a system that prevents water from leaching into the landfill, keeps waste from leaking out, and collects gases released from decomposition, which are treated and used to fuel park facilities.

Saving Croton Point was a long, expensive and hostile political process that took decades to achieve success. But in the context of the 6,000+ MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) landfills in the US at the time, it was relatively low hanging fruit. It’s easier to mobilize resources towards rejuvenating places of exceptional scenic beauty like the Hudson River Valley; Easier to draw attention to a site that sits safely inside the New York metro area; Easier to find the money when the community in question is rapidly transforming from a majority working class to a solidly middle class town.

It would be irresponsible and short sighted to simply advocate for moving our landfills elsewhere when ‘elsewhere’ tends to mean poorer, more rural communities with fewer means to stand up for themselves. No matter where you put your garbage, there will be human, animal and plant life adversely affected by it.

The real question is: How can we waste less?

Here are some thoughts:

Biodegradable “plastic”

Alternatives to plastic that do not use oil based petrochemicals are already being developed and many are completely biodegradable. Even in communities that do not have accessible composting, the plant based materials present less of a problem than traditional plastic, especially as more municipalities elect to burn their waste.

Recycling electronic waste

Recycling e-waste is complicated, expensive and difficult to automate. Working and non-working parts need to be identified and separated, as do hazardous and non-hazardous materials. A lot of human labor is required to do this effectively. But it needs to be done. Governments need to set aside budget or else instate taxes on companies that produce electronics to cover the cost of recycling.

Source reduction

Many forms of industrial production can be modified to re-absorb many of their waste products. Internal recycling mechanisms are paying off for companies that have the capital to set up the proper framework.

Croton Point Park and the surrounding area has largely recovered from its 70 years as an active landfill, but if other places are to be so lucky, waste management cannot be a zero sum game with new landfills being opened as others close. Waste production must in fact go to zero.

Art Murmur

Oakland, California

The Art Murmur First Friday art walk was one of my first bonding experiences with Oakland back when I mostly lived and breathed in Berkeley, and it remains one of those things I keep meaning to do more often. Tonight I dragged some people out and it was a success. We found: A vintage car show to wander around in; An improv metal band playing my favorite kind of noise, even though I know no punk/metal scene will ever take me back; Very spicy homemade tamales; Two prints to buy for $10 each; Sprawling chalk art, which I felt obligated to take pictures of because I’m sure it will be washed off tonight.

I have never had such a blast at Art Murmur before and I hadn’t gone there looking for any of the above. It’s grown a lot.